1. James Cook was born on October 27, 1728 in Marton, England. His father was a farmer, but as James grew older he began to show an interest in the sea. At around the age of 18 he travelled on a ship as a merchant seaman. Although he did well and was advancing in the merchant navy, Cook decided to join in the Royal Navy at the start of the Seven Years War.
2. It was during the Seven Years War that James became a master at map making. His ability at drawing, navigating, and creating large accurate maps was noticed by those high up in the Navy.
3. Cook was given command of the Endeavour by England’s Royal Society. The ship was a cat-collier that was used for carrying coal. It wasn’t fast, but it was durable and could carry a lot of supplies.
4. Cook set off for his first journey on August 26, 1768. His main objective was to discover the planet Venus as it passed between the Earth and the Sun. This would help astronauts to calculate the distance of the Sun from the Earth. He also hoped to find the southern continent.
5. Captain James Cook was not exactly on the first fleet. He was just the map maker. They paid him to make them some maps on how to get to Australia since he has already been there. James Cook made lots of money from making maps for the navy.